• Symbolism of the Shofar
 • ABC's of Rosh Hashana
 • Hiding From God
 • Go for the Gold
 • Fit for a King
 • Nine Plus One
 • New Beginnings
 • Climbing to the Top
 • The Human Touch
 • A Womb for the Soul
 • Your First Rosh

 • Why Round Challah?
 • Micros and Macros
 • The New New Year
 • Blasting The Worm
 • That's Just How I Am
 • Rosh Hashana and
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 • Pursuits and

 • Taking Responsibility
 • Beyond Apples & Honey
 • Entering the Palace of
the King

 • Inner Space
 • The Liberating
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 • Why Judgment
 • Lively Overview of Rosh

 • The World Changed.
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 • Revolutionary Shofar
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 • Shabbat Shalom Weekly
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Symbolism of the Shofar The shofar is the quintessential symbol of Rosh Hashana. Is it just a primitive trumpet? Or is there a much greater story to be told?

During the blowing of the shofar on Rosh Hashana, notice there are three distinct sounds:

  1. Tekiah -- one long, straight blast    
  2. Shevarim -- three medium, wailing sounds    
  3. Teruah -- 9 quick blasts in short succession    
Hear the Shofar Sounds

Let's examine each of these shofar sounds, and see how they relate to the different themes of Rosh Hashana.


Rosh Hashana is the day of appreciating who God is. We then internalize that understanding so that it becomes a living, practical part of our everyday reality. God is all-powerful. God is the Creator. God is the Sustainer. God is the Supervisor. In short, God is King of the Universe.

But for many of us, the idea of a "king" conjures up images of a greedy and power-hungry despot who wants to subjugate the masses for his selfish aims.

In Jewish tradition, a king is first and foremost a servant of the people. His only concern is that the people live in happiness and harmony. His decrees and laws are only for the good of the people, not for himself. (see Maimonides, Laws of Kings 2:6)

The object of Rosh Hashana is to crown God as our King. Tekiah -- the long, straight shofar blast -- is the sound of the King's coronation. In the Garden of Eden, Adam's first act was to proclaim God as King. And now, the shofar proclaims to ourselves and to the world: God is our King. We set our values straight and return to the reality of God as the One Who runs the world... guiding history, moving mountains, and caring for each and every human being individually and personally.

Maimonides adds one important qualification: It isn't enough that God is MY King alone. If ALL humanity doesn't recognize God as King, then there is something lacking in my own relationship with God. Part of my love for the Almighty is to help guide all people to an appreciation of Him. Of course this is largely an expression of my deep caring for others. But it also affects my own sense of God's all-encompassing Kingship.


When we think about the year gone by, we know deep down that we've failed to live up to our full potential. In the coming year, we yearn not to waste that opportunity ever again. The Kabbalists say that Shevarim -- three medium, wailing blasts -- is the sobbing cry of a Jewish heart -- yearning to connect, to grow, to achieve.

Every person has the ability to change and be great. This can be accomplished much faster than you ever dreamed of. The key is to pray from the bottom of your heart and ask God for the ability to become great. Don't let yourself be constrained by the past. You know you have enormous potential.

At the moment the shofar is blown, we cry out to God from the depths of our soul. This is the moment -- when our souls stand before the Almighty without any barriers -- that we can truly let go.


On Rosh Hashana, we need to wake up and be honest and objective about our lives: Who we are, where we've been, and which direction we're headed. The Teruah sound -- 9 quick blasts in short succession -- resembles an alarm clock, arousing us from our spiritual slumber. The shofar brings clarity, alertness, and focus.

The Talmud says: "When there's judgement from below, there's no need for judgement from above." What this means is that if we take the time to construct a sincere, realistic model of how we've fallen short in the past, and what we expect to change in the future, then God doesn't need to "wake us up" to what we already know.

God wants us to make an honest effort to maximize the gifts He gave us. You aren't expected to be anything you're not. But you can't hoodwink God, either.

The reason we lose touch and make mistakes is because we don't take the time everyday to reconnect with our deepest desires and essence. The solution is to spend time alone everyday, asking: Am I on track? Am I focused? Am I pursuing goals which will make the greatest overall difference in my life and in the world?

Make it a habit to keep in touch with yourself, and when Rosh Hashana comes around, the alarm clock of the shofar won't be nearly as jarring!

#1 of 37 in the High Holidays Rosh Hashana Series
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ABC's of Rosh Hashana

See more articles by Rabbi Shraga Simmons
Rabbi Shraga Simmons spent his childhood trekking through snow in Buffalo, New York. He has worked in the fields of journalism and public relations, and is now the Co-editor of in Jerusalem.
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Visitor Comments: 9

This site is very instructive and spiritually enrishing!
Thanks be to G-d for your highly instructive online shiurim which I found
very enriching.
As an Orthodox convert Candidate from the lost tribes resident in Lagos-Nigeria;I find your Shiurim quite helpful-amidst religious frustration and lack of material/literary resources.Is there any way you can help me the more?
May G-d remember your righteous efforts,Amen.

Gisela Kormes , 9/2/2004
Shnat Briut Veshalom
This site became very important for me and the students, Rabis, and morot, I work with,like Jewish Culture cordinator,in a Congregation, in Sao Paulo, Brasil.
Todá Rabá

Blanca de Santillana , 8/31/2004
Great and Helpfull
Thanks for this enriching guide online,because after hearing the Shofar so many times,it is a blessing to understand the meaning. I"ll keep it in mind whe i hear it this year.Shana tova to you and family.

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